OCEAN EXPLORATION & OBSERVING BILLS
Signed into Law by Congress
To provide for ocean acidification research and monitoring, and for other purposes.
- To establish a national integrated system of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes observing systems, and for other purposes.
A bill to develop and maintain an integrated system of coastal and ocean observations, for the Nation’s coasts, oceans, and Great Lakes.
A bill to establish a coordinated national ocean exploration program within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and for other purposes.
A bill to establish an interagency committee to develop an ocean acidification research and monitoring plan and to establish an ocean acidification program within NOAA.
A bill to establish a coordinated and comprehensive Federal ocean and coastal mapping program.
HR 2219 To reauthorize the Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act of 2009. Sponsor: Rep Young, Don [AK] (introduced 6/3/2013) Cosponsors (None)
- Reauthorizes the Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act of 2009 with specified appropriations to the Secretary of Commerce through FY2018.
HR 764 Coastal State Climate Change Planning Act Sponsor: Rep Capps, Lois [CA-24] (introduced 2/15/2013) Cosponsors (26)
Amends the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 to direct the Secretary of Commerce to establish a coastal climate change adaptation planning and response program to: (1) provide assistance to coastal states to voluntarily develop coastal climate change adaptation plans to minimize contributions to climate change and to prepare for and reduce the negative consequences that may result from climate change in the coastal zone, and (2) provide financial and technical assistance and training to enable coastal states to implement such plans through coastal states’ enforceable policies.
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to coastal states to develop such plans and to support projects that implement strategies contained in such plans. Requires the Secretary to promote and encourage the use of National Estuarine Research Reserves as sites for pilot or demonstration projects carried out with such grants.
S.272 Arctic Research, Monitoring, and Observing Act of 2013 Sponsor: Sen Begich, Mark [AK] (introduced 2/11/2013) Cosponsors (1)
S 1344 Arctic Research, Monitoring, and Observing Act of 2013 Sponsor: Sen Begich, Mark [AK] (introduced 7/23/2013) Cosponsors (None)
- .Amends the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 to direct the Arctic Research Commission to award merit-based grants to federal, state, local, or tribal governments and academic and private organizations to conduct research on or related to the Arctic in accordance with the national Arctic research program plan.
- Authorizes the Commission to enter into agreements with appropriate agencies or organizations to administer grants made pursuant to this Act for Arctic research, including reimbursement from funds of the Commission to administer such grants.
- Amends the National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006 to specify that: (1) the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere shall continue to support the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) Program, and (2) the program’s purpose shall be to better inform and provide for more timely decisionmaking to reduce drought related impacts and costs.
- Revises NIDIS functions to require the NIDIS to, among other things: (1) provide certain information, forecasts, and assessments described in the Act on both national and regional levels; (2) build upon existing forecasting and assessment programs and partnerships, such as those with specified programs of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), extension system and economist offices of the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the Farm Service Agency; and (3) continue ongoing research activities related to drought and the role of extreme weather events and climate variability in drought.
- Requires the Under Secretary to provide a report to Congress concerning the NIDIS Program that includes a list of persons in the private sector with whom the Under Secretary collaborates on NIDIS implementation and a description of NIDIS outreach activities.
S.428 Arctic Deep Water Ports Enhancement Act of 2013 Sponsor: Sen Begich, Mark [AK] (introduced 2/28/2013) Cosponsors (None)
- Authorizes the Secretary of the Army to enter into partnership agreements with certain developers to: (1) plan, survey, design, construct, maintain, or operate Arctic deepwater ports; (2) provide technical assistance for such activities; and (3) receive funds from federal, nonfederal, and private entities, including developers of Arctic deepwater ports that have an agreement with the Secretary for such activity.
- Defines “Arctic deepwater port” as any port facility, in a water depth of at least 30 feet, located in waters: (1) north of 60 degrees latitude north and west of 162 degrees longitude west, or (2) north of 63 degrees latitude north.
- Defines “developer” as any private entity, state, municipal, or borough government, Alaska Native corporation created by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, or the western Alaska community development quota program created by the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act that is seeking to develop an Arctic deepwater port.
- Establishes the Arctic Port Infrastructure Development Fund within the U.S. Treasury.
S 646 National Endowment for the Oceans Act Sponsor: Sen Whitehouse, Sheldon [RI] (introduced 3/21/2013) Cosponsors (5)
- Authorizes the Secretary of Commerce and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to establish the National Endowment for the Oceans as a permanent endowment fund to support programs and activities to restore, protect, maintain, or understand living marine resources and their habitats and ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources, including baseline scientific research, ocean observing, and other programs in coordination with federal and state agencies.
- Requires the contribution of non-federal matching funds for certain projects.
- Specifies that programs funded in Great Lakes states shall also seek to attain the goals embodied in the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Plan, the Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy, the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, or other collaborative planning efforts of the Great Lakes Region. Prohibits the funding of litigation.
- Directs the Foundation, according to a specified allocation formula, to award a minimum percentage of funds as grants to coastal states while awarding a lesser percentage of funds to entities including states, Indian tribes, regional bodies, associations, non-governmental organizations, and academic institutions.
S.839 Coral Reef Conservation Amendments Act of 2013 Sponsor: Sen Nelson, Bill [FL] (introduced 4/25/2013) Cosponsors (3)
- Amends the Coral Reef Conservation Act of 2000 to transfer certain authority from the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to the Secretary of Commerce (the Secretary). Directs the Secretary to submit to Congress a national coral reef ecosystem action strategy, revised as necessary, to include discussions of: (1) coastal uses and management, including land-based sources of pollution; (2) climate change; and (3) other specified matters.
- Directs the Secretary to give priority to community-based local action strategies when awarding certain grants for conservation projects. Authorizes funds for monitoring and assessment, research, pollution reduction, education, and technical support. Revises the project proposal approval process by directing the Secretary to consider criteria, including: (1) coral reef ecosystems (current law refers only to coral reefs) and biodiversity; (2) international ecosystems; (3) mitigation of coral disease, ocean acidification, and bleaching; and (4) support for community-based planning with local governmental and nongovernmental organizations.
- Defines “coral reef ecosystem” as the system of coral reefs and geographically associated species, habitats, and environment, including any adjacent or associated mangroves and seagrass habitats, and the processes that control its dynamics.